Tuesday, July 1, 2014

Noumenon & Phenomenon dalam Pilpres 2014

Noumenon & Phenomenon dalam Pilpres 2014

Noumenon (\ˈnü-mə-ˌnän\) menurut Merriem-Webster Dictionary adalah a posited object or event as it appears in itself independent of perception by the senses. Noumenon merupakan obyek atau peristiwa yang 'melayang-layang', keberadaannya tidak didasarkan atas sebab tertentu, dia ada sebagaimana adanya. Berbeda dengan phenomenon yaitu an object or aspect known through the senses rather than by thought or intuition, obyek yang diketahui melalui perantaraan akal dan bukan berdasarkan pikiran atau intuisi.

Kandidasi dalam pilpres yang terwakili oleh dua pasangan, Prabowo-Hatta dan Jokowi-Kala merupakan fenomena demokrasi. Kedua pasangan tersebut adalah fakta, sedangkan fenomenanya adalah dukungan terhadap keduanya. Saling dukung telah terjadi dalam berbagai (lintas & multi) media. Dalam hal ini bukan bentuk medianya yang ingin di kaji, melainkan substansi dari pesan yang dimuatkan atau di unggahkan di berbagai media.

Semua substansi saling dukung adalah fenomena dalam pengertian yang dikemukakan oleh capres lovers adalah hasil dari buah pikir alias nalar. Isi dukungan dalam kerangka kampanye merupakan buah pikir dari pendukungnya yang terambil dari proses berpikir. Berpikir (thought) menurut Merriem-Webster Dictionary adalah the act or process of thinking atau the act of carefully thinking about the details of something.

Berpikir merupakan sebuah proses. Proses dari Merriem-Webster Dictionary adalah a series of actions that produce something or that lead to a particular result atau a series of changes that happen naturally. Proses berpikir tidak terjadi seketika dan tidak ada secara tiba-tiba, namun ada suatu rangkaian tindakan (berpikir). Tindakan berpikir meliputi ketersediaan informasi dalam jumlah yang mencukupi dan berimbang, pengolahan informasi baik dengan membandingkan, memilah atau menganalisis. Kemudian muncul hasil berpikir yang dapat berupa sebuah kesimpulan dalam suatu pernyataan. Pernyataan inilah yang menjadi isi dukungan kepada salah satu pasangan.

Substansi dukungan tanpa proses berpikir akan mengarah pada sebuah stereotype yaitu to believe unfairly that all people or things with a particular characteristic are the same. Meski stereotype dapat merujuk pada hasil pengalaman, dan kemudian dikembangkan sebagai hasil berpikir namun arahnya adalah tuduhan yang sifatnya subyektif.

Yang menjadi masalah adalah apabila isi yang disampaikan bukan dari hasil buah pikir. Parahnya isi dukungan dikategorikan sebagai noumenon, sesuatu yang hadir tanpa sebab-akibat. Dalam gradasi yang lebih bawah dari noumenon adalah hasil dari sebuah tebakan berdasarkan intuisi capres loversnya. Intuisi capres lovers yang tidak didukung oleh data atau informasi yang obyektif akan mengarah pada fitnah (gibah). Fitnah inilah yang harus dihindari oleh bangsa Indonesia, karena dapat mengarahkan pada pemecah-belahan.

Noumenon dari pilpres ini (dan setiap pemilihan pemimpin negeri ini) adalah keadilan. Keadilan menjadi utopis ketika ternyata sang terpilih tidak mampu mendekatkan masyarakat pada keadilan. Artinya pemilih terbujuk dan kapasitas sang terpilih ternyata tidak mumpuni untuk mewujudkan keadilan. Dan ini terus berulang, apakah dalam pilpres 2014 akan terulang kembali? Capres lovers-lah yang menentukan. Selamat berpilpresphoria!!

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